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From Swadeshi Movement to Partition of India.. important topics in Indian History - From TNPSC to UPSC

டாக்டர். க.விஜயகார்த்திகேயன் ஐ.ஏ.எஸ்
From Swadeshi Movement to Partition of India..  important topics in Indian History - From TNPSC to UPSC
From Swadeshi Movement to Partition of India.. important topics in Indian History - From TNPSC to UPSC

#4 General topics for preliminary examination 

Indian History 

Topic 4 - Modern Indian History (continued) 

The most important area in Indian History is the one we are about to see. The socio-religious reform movements of the pre-Independence era may be studied under the heads 1. year 2. leaders and 3. main policies / salient features. Movements like Brahmo Samaj, Prarthana Samaj, etc., and leaders like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Govind Ranade, Ramakrishna, Swami Vivekananda, et al, come under this topic. 

From Swadeshi Movement to Partition of India..  important topics in Indian History - From TNPSC to UPSC

Sample question 

Deoband movement was started by Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Brahmo Samaj was founded by Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi and Rashid Ahmad 

I is correct II is wrong 

II is correct I is wrong 

Both are correct 

Both are wrong ( answer ) 

Similarly, the major laws enacted by the British, their features, etc., need to be studied. Some of the major acts include acts of -1799 ( censorship of press act ) , 1835 ( licensing act)  , 1857 ( licence act ) , 1867 ( registration act ),  1908 ( newspaper act ) , 1813 ( charter act  ) , 1835 ( Macauley’s English Education Act ) , 1854 ( Wood’s despatch ) 1882 ( Hunter Commission ), 1902 ( Raleigh Commission ), 1904 ( University Act ) , 1929 ( Hartog Committee  ) , and 1944 ( Sargent Plan). 

From Swadeshi Movement to Partition of India..  important topics in Indian History - From TNPSC to UPSC

Sample question 

Act - Year

Sadler Commission - 1917 

Kothari Commission - 1964 

Wardha Education Scheme - 1937 

Which of these are correctly matched? 

1,2,3 ( answer ) 

1 only 

2,3 

2 only 

Only now do we approach the climax area! Very important, friends! Causes of our freedom struggle, main political groups of the time, the formation of Indian National Congress (INC), Moderates, Extremists, etc., need to be completely understood. Locations where the sessions of Indian National Congress were held, the main decisions in those sessions, who headed each session, etc., can be noted in tabular format and studied. 

Sample table 

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Year    Place       President Major decisions

1887   Madras    Badruddin Tyabji First time Muslim President 

1917   Calcutta   Annie Besant First time Lady President 

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Who are the moderates, what are their policies, who are the extremists, what are their stances, etc., need to be studied in detail. Keep notes of all major events - these are extremely important (saying for the third time!) Till now everything we have seen in history are the curry, poriyal, sambar, rasam, etc. The main item - rice! Here it comes - some of those are - Partition of Bengal (1905), Swadeshi Movement (1905), Surat split (1907), formation of Muslim League ( 1906), Indian council act (1909), Ghadar party formation (1913), Lucknow pact (1916), Home Rule movement (1916), arrival of Gandhi (1915), Champaran Satyagraha (1917), Ahmedabad Mill Strike (1918), Kheda Satyagraha (1918), Government of India Act (1919), Montague-Chelmsford reforms, Rowlatt Act (1919), Jallianwala Bagh massacre (1919), Khilafat movement (1919), Non cooperation movement (1920), Swaraj movement, Bardoli Satyagraha, Simon Commission (1927), Nehru Report (1928), 14 points of Jinnah (1929), Civil disobedience movement (1930), Gandhi’s 11 vows, Dandi March (1930), Gandhi - Irwin pact (1931), 3 round table conferences (1930,1931,1932), Poona pact (1932), Government of India Act (1935), August offer (1940), Cripps mission (1942), Quit India movement (1942), arrival of Bose, formation of Indian National Army, Rajaji formula (1944), Desai-Liaqat Pact (1945), Wavell plan (1945), Gandhi-Jinnah talks of 1944, Royal Indian Navy revolt (1946), Cabinet mission (1946), formation of the constituent assembly, Mountbatten plan (1947), Indian independence act (1947), partition of India - if all these are imprinted in memory then they can be of a great use in UPSC, TNPSC, and all other competitive examinations! Also, all important Governor-Generals and Viceroys, and the major events during their time need to be studied. Freedom fighters of India (especially those who are lesser known) need to be studied carefully. From the topic we have just seen, a minimum of 4/5 to a maximum of 10 questions can be asked. By now you would be having an idea about the importance of this topic. This understanding of what is important is in itself half success! Rest you study and show in the examination! We shall meet soon in the next topic! 

We shall win!