Continents.. Final topic in geography - From TNPSC to UPSC

#14 General topics for preliminary examination 

Major races of the world 1. Caucasoids - Europeans, Americans 2. Mongoloids - East Asians 3. Negroids - Africans. Along with this, world population distribution, percentage of population growth, total fertility rate, demographic transition, human development index, human poverty index, gender inequality index and other concepts and facts related to population need to be remembered. 

Now let us look at the continents and their specialties. Asia accounts for 30 percent of the total area of the world. Mount Everest which is the highest point, as well as the Dead Sea which is the lowest elevation on land, is also in Asia. World’s highest population, longest coastline, the deepest lake Baikal (Russia) are also in Asia. As we had studied for India, for Asia also learn the major rivers, mountains, seas, etc., as well as important countries, and countries figuring in current affairs at the time of your examination, etc. 

Sample question 

Statement I  Red river flows through Tonkin plains in Vietnam 

Statement II Hwang Ho river originates in Kunlun mountain range. 

Statement III China is the largest producer of fish in the world 

I correct 

II and III correct

III correct

All are correct ( answer ) 


Next, we will look at the “dark continent,” Africa. Strait of Gibraltar, Suez Canal, Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb etc are the main areas separating Europe and Africa. Study about the Great Rift Valley in Eastern Africa, the main rivers like the Nile, Zambezi, Orange, Victoria, etc., and major deserts like Sahara, Kalahari, etc. 

Next, we will look at the important areas in the continents of North and South America. South America’s highest Aconcagua peak, lowest point Valdes Peninsula, Andes mountain ranges, Amazon region, etc., are very important. 

Sample question 

Statement 1 Selvas are thick forests around Amazon region.

Statement 2 Meadows in Brazilian mountains are called Campos, and those in Argentina are called Pampas. 

1 correct 

2 correct 

Both are correct ( answer )

Both are wrong 

In North America the highest point McKinley, lowest point “Death Valley” near California, “Great Lakes”, namely, Huron, Michigan, Superior, Erie, Ontario, mountains like Cordillera, Rocky, rivers like Mississippi, Missouri, and other main geographic features are to be learned. 

In Europe, which is called the “peninsula of peninsulas,” study the main seas like Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian, Ural, Caucacus, mountains like Alps, Pyrenees, cities, rivers, etc. 

Australia’s highest point Mount Kosciusko, lowest point Lake Eyre. Australian landforms can be divided into 1. Great Western plateau, 2. Central Low Lands, 3. The Eastern Highlands. Great Barrier Reef, Great Dividing Range, etc., are important geographic features. 

In each continent, in addition to the seas, mountains, rivers, etc., seen above, learn about the main cities, their specialities, major occupations, agriculture, industries, major resources (including mines), etc., also. With this we have reached the final part of our journey in Geography. Since it mostly contains interesting topics like our country and our world, channelise the interest well and learn deeply to easily clear competitive examinations. 

We will meet again in next topic. 

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